How to Fertilize Strawberries in Spring to Double the Yield

Strawberries are one of the most popular berry crops; in each garden there are several beds with fruitful varieties, giving ruddy fragrant berries from spring to autumn. In order to collect a rich harvest of delicious berries, it is worth carefully looking after the plantings of strawberries, carefully performing all agrotechnical measures. It is especially important to carry out timely feeding of berry bushes, otherwise the harvest of ruby ​​berries may not impress with its abundance.

How to Fertilize Strawberries

Spring: Time to Fertilize Strawberries

On strawberry beds, gardeners grow two types of strawberries:

  1. Disposable varieties – fruiting occurs in late spring or early summer, bushes massively yield fragrant berries in a short period of time.
  2. Repairing varieties – ripening of berries continues from spring to autumn in pronounced waves.

In order to select NPK ratio, application time and high-quality chemical composition you should take into account the plant breed. Incorrectly selected formulations for feeding berry bushes can affect a decrease in yield and an increase in the ripening period of fragrant strawberries.

For all types of strawberries, the following fertilization scheme is optimal:

  • First year – Plants are not fertilized; the starting fertilizer added to the soil during planting provides nutrition to the bushes.
  • Second year – Mineral and organic compounds.
  • The third year – Top dressing is carried out only with mineral compositions.
  • Fourth year – Mineral and organic compounds.

Usually after 4 years of planting strawberries are updated, so the scheme is repeated when growing new berry bushes.

Fertilize strawberries in early spring

Immediately after the snow melts, it is necessary to carry out the first feeding of strawberry bushes, it is very important to carry out these works before the appearance of new leaves. In different regions, depending on the climate, this period falls on different months. In the south, the first feeding of strawberries can be carried out at the end of March; in the middle lane, the timing of nutrient introduction for plants is shifted to April.

It is very convenient to combine the first feeding of strawberries with trimming old leaves and whiskers, removing the mulch layer and debris from the berry beds. The compositions are introduced into the soil immediately after putting things in order in the berry. The purpose of early spring feeding is to provide nutrients to strawberry bushes, which are preparing for an intensive build-up of green mass. At this time, plants need additional fertilizing with an increased proportion of nitrogen, which stimulates the regrowth of new leaves.

Fertilizers for early spring feeding of strawberries can have a different composition; feeding with nitrate or urea is especially popular.

Feeding strawberries with saltpeter-based formulations in spring is necessary for the rapid formation of new leaves, as well as for increasing the size of the berries and saturating the color. With a lack of nitrogen, the plants form not only a frail bush, but also yield small, tasteless berries.

For the first feeding of berries, you need to prepare an aqueous solution of ammonium nitrate, dissolving 1 tbsp in 10 liters of water. a spoonful of dry matter. The bushes are watered at the root, the consumption rate of the nutrient solution is from 0.5 to 1 liter for each plant.

Important! You cannot prepare more saturated solutions and water the plants with a large amount of fertilizer, an overdose will not lead to anything good, the berries will become sour, having lost a significant proportion of sugar in their composition.

Carbamide (urea) is ideal for proper fertilization of strawberries on soils of any composition. In case of an overdose of the nutrient solution, the taste of the berries will deteriorate, they will become tasteless and sour.

Foliar dressing of strawberries is carried out three times per season:

  • At the stage of emergence of young leaves.
  • During the flowering period.
  • At the moment of ovary formation.

Early spring feeding of strawberries allows you to stimulate the growth of berry bushes, strengthen them and increase yields.

 

 

The Right Tractor For a Small Farm

There is no doubt that the farm tractor is the main tool on the farm.

Therefore, his choice deserves great attention.

Of course, personal preferences regarding brand, sometimes appearance, price, maintenance cost and of course the needs of the farm play an important role in choosing this technique. Tractor manufacturers adapt them to these requirements by making their products as much as possible for the farm. But what exactly should a tractor have for small farms?

Universal, auxiliary, sometimes primary

It goes without saying that an agricultural tractor must be a versatile machine. If we are talking about models for small farms, then in the framework of large farms they are used as auxiliary equipment. But on small farms, such machines solve all problems without exception, which means that the requirements for them are very high.

Size is one of the main criteria. Moving inside sheds, driving through gates and entrances – all these factors place restrictions on the size of the tractor. Indeed, it is in such conditions that the machinery of a small farm works. Fortunately, today manufacturers offer a huge selection of models, among which you can choose the equipment that will best suit the given working conditions.

John Deere Farm Tractors

Power matters too

Of course, power is also an important factor. The most popular solution among Ukrainian owners of small farms is tractor models with a capacity of 65-85 hp. According to experts, this power makes this type of equipment versatile, allowing you to perform almost the entire range of agricultural work.

If you have a small gardening farm (no more than 1 hectare) and the range of work performed is not at all large, then it may be quite enough to buy a tractor with an engine power of 15 to 25 hp, especially since it will cost much cheaper than powerful analogues … For example, here you can buy a new motorcycle tractor in Ukraine for about 50 thousand hryvnia.

And don’t forget that a modern engine must be economical and environmentally friendly. Its maintenance requirements should be kept small and the maintenance itself should be as simple as possible.

The farm tractor must be agile

Almost all tractors, without exception, have good maneuverability, but there are models that have this figure above average. Of course, this largely depends on the design of the steering mechanism and front-wheel drive, but the type of drive used has an equally important effect. It has long been known that four-wheel drive tractors are the most manoeuvrable and can perform extremely difficult and precise maneuvers both in tight spaces and in open areas, and when working with a loader or forks.

It is while working with a loader (an indispensable addition to a tractor on a farm) that we can see all the advantages of this system. It provides both steering precision and the precision of the loader itself.

Hydraulics are also needed

An agricultural tractor needs to work well with a loader and that requires a good hydraulic system. The accuracy of the oil system, its performance and the operation of the controls must be at the highest level.